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Learn & Plan Topics

  • Occupant Comfort

    Comfortable workers are more likely to be productive and engaged with their work than those who struggle to work in spaces that create barriers and ...
  • Flexible Workplace Design

    Today’s workplaces are often in flux. Organizations change direction or develop new services. People move to new sp...

  • Spatial Equity

    Organizations today are less hierarchical and work is more team based, more mobile, and more cross functional. A key to spatial equity is that sp...

  • Materials, Furniture, and Furnishings Replacement

    Daily wear and tear means that materials, furniture and furnishings require periodic replacement.

  • Space Reconfiguration and Renovation Projects

    As needs change over time, tenants often need to convert space or phase the conversion of individual space or rooms to meet these changing needs....

  • Under 10,000 SF Interiors Gut Rehab Project

    This page provides Sustainable Strategies to consider as a space has or will undergo a major tenant gut rehab for projects under 10,000 SF.

  • Building Operations and Maintenance Services

    Follow these sustainable strategies as your space renovations are complete and the building and interiors are operated in an environmentally sustai...
  • Best Practices & Case Studies

    One of the best ways to learn and make the case for high-performance building innovations is to point to others’ experience in implementing th...
  • Buildings and Health

    The challenge for building design and operations is to identify and eliminate health risks while also providing positive physical, emotional, and...

  • Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ)

    Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) is most simply described as the conditions inside the building. It includes air quality, but also access to da...

  • Sustainable Sites

    Choosing a building's site and managing that site during construction are important to ensure a project's sustainability. Environmentally responsibl...
  • Project Guidance

    For each project there is a selection of issues and questions you should consider before selecting specific materials or products. This will help...

  • Building Systems Upgrades

    This page details Sustainable Strategies to consider as your space undergoes a building system upgrade to improve energy, water use, and occupant co...
  • Policies & Strategies

    This section is devoted to the broad policies and strategies covering the whole government or entire agencies, services or bureaus, which set the co...
  • Biophilic Design

    Learn why nature is so important to us, what we know about the benefits of nature, and how biophilia is being applied in buildings, particularly in ...
  • Enhancing Health with Indoor Air

    Four key levers to enhance health and performance by improving indoor air.

Occupant Comfort

Workspaces should be designed and operated to support the functional and environmental needs of occupants. Design for thermal comfort should be based on ASHRAE Standard 55. Design for air quality should be based on ASHRAE 62. Occupant comfort should be assessed frequently once a building is occupied, using ASHRAE’s Performance Measurement Protocols for Commercial Buildings.

ASHRAE.org | Standards 62.1 and 62.2non government site opens in new window

Whole Building Systems

  • HVAC - EQc9

    Occupant Comfort Survey

  • IEQ - EQc10

    Occupant Comfort Survey

  • IEQ - Comfort

    /learn/about/242/occupant-comfort

  • IEQ - Integrative Design Process

    The integrative design process understands that buildings, their components, and their context are interrelated. Observe this principle by involving...

  • IEQ - Occupant Survey

    IEQ occupant surveys are a cost effective and valuable resource for identifying areas of discomfort or dissatisfaction to address during renovation ...

  • HVAC - Integrative Design Process

    The integrative design process understands that buildings, their components, and their context are interrelated. Whole-building systems observe this...

  • IEQ - Thermal Comfort

    Thermal conditions, which include air temperature, relative humidity, and velocity, greatly impact overall occupant comfort and associated productiv...

  • Lighting - Comfort/Mood

    Creating a sustainable and well-functioning lighting strategy by integrating efficient lighting technologies, controls, and space layout has been sh...

  • HVAC - Human Behavior on HVAC

    Human behavior and interaction with the building space plays a critical component in achieving holistic sustainability. Desired gains in energy effi...

  • IEQ - Resources

    The resource impacted greatest from indoor environmental quality is not energy, water, or physical materials themselves; it’s the occupants th...

  • Lighting - Occupant Behavior on Energy Efficiency

    Occupant behavior plays a critical role in achieving the designed energy efficiency of lighting systems. Energy modeling accuracies can often vary b...

  • Lighting - Occupant

    The beneficiaries of a lighting system upgrade are the building occupants, who should be considered in all decisions regarding their environment. Oc...

  • HVAC - Occupant

    The occupant has a great impact on HVAC-related energy use. Individual controls help ensure comfort for those in the building. Occupants without t...

  • HVAC - Reporting Mechanism & Maintenance Plan

    Provide an easy to follow and convenient platform for building occupants to report noticeable malfunctions or complaints about the HVAC system to ma...

  • Water - Occupant

    The behavior and well-being of the intended users of the water system – the occupants – should be considered at the integrative table. W...

  • HVAC - HVAC Impact on Humans

    Providing high quality thermal and ventilation comfort as part of Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) in commercial offices is a high priority for fe...

  • HVAC - LEED ID+C: Commercial Interiors (v4)

    LEED for Interior Design & Construction (ID+C): Commercial Interiors is intended for certification of spaces smaller than the whole building. Ev...

  • IEQ - Lighting Environment and Views

    Providing access to uniform general lighting, daylight and views has demonstrated beneficial returns in occupant morale, comfort, and productivity. ...

  • IEQ - Facility Manager

    By establishing green cleaning contracts and purchasing agreements that specify environmentally-friendly cleaning and office materials, the facility...

  • IEQ - Indoor Environmental Quality on Humans

    Research has demonstrated that some of the largest impacts on humans stemming from within the office building relate to chronic exposure to environm...

  • IEQ - Controllability

    Occupant comfort can be optimized by providing high levels of individual or group controllability with regard to ambient air, lighting, and sound. T...

  • Submetering - Environmental Impact

    Submeters help to account for actual resource usage by providing detailed facility data. This data can be used to inform sustainability and efficien...

  • Lighting - Lighting Impact on Occupants

    Lighting Ecosystem Lighting in the workplace can be better understood as an ecosystem that includes lighting design as just one component of a netw...

  • Lighting - Integrative Design Process

    The integrative design process understands that buildings, their components, and their context are interrelated. Whole-building systems observe this...

  • IEQ - Interior Designer

    Interior space not only impacts materials and resource use, but also is critical to human performance through safe and healthy interiors that promo...

  • IEQ - Comfort and Productivity

    Studies have demonstrated likely productivity gains attributed to increased occupant comfort of 0.5 – 5% from direct improvements in the quali...

  • HVAC - System Overview

    Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems are responsible for providing thermal comfort and fresh air to building occupants. This is...

  • IEQ - System Overview

    Americans spend approximately 90 percent of their time indoors1 and as a result their comfort, health, and work performance rely heavily on indoor e...

  • Planted Roof - Occupant Satisfaction

    The term "biophilia", meaning love of nature, is increasingly being used in high-performance building design. The goal of biomimicry is to recreate ...

  • Submetering - Impact on Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ)

    Submetering systems help to improve resource efficiency and conservation practices in a building, which can be used to improve indoor environmental ...

  • HVAC - Commissioning

    The process of ensuring that your building is operating properly starts with commissioning. In general, commissioning is the process of ensuring tha...

Materials

  • Occupant Sensor

    Occupant controls use sensors to deter...
  • Overhead Air Distribution

    Overhead air distribution is the most common approach to mixing and delivering conditioned air to a space, though the delivery method can vary from ...
  • Under Floor Air Distribution

    Under floor air distribution systems supply conditioned air to an occupied space via diffusers in a raised floor. This system effectively maintains...
  • Thermostat

    A thermostat is a component of the HVAC controls system. Detection and communication of the space temperature is a critical component of overall HV...
  • Seating

    Seating is a critical component of the furnishings. High quality ergonomically flexible seating options are paramount in supporting a high quality ...
  • Paints and Coatings

    Paints and coatings provide an aesthetically appealing atmosphere for a commercial setting. Paints and coatings should contain low or no VOCs to m...
  • Wall Covering

    Wall coverings, such as classic wallpaper, wallpaper murals and borders, provide a unique aesthetically appealing atmosphere for a commercial settin...
  • Decorative / Accent Lighting

    Decorative / accent lighting is designed to illuminate special architectural features or artwork. Decorative / accent lighting fixtures typically u...
  • Daylight Controls

    Daylight controls measure the amount of daylight/ambient light in a room and adjust the electric light levels accordingly. Daylight controls shou...
  • Steel Frame

    Window frames are one component of a window assembly. In naturally ventilated buildings window frames allow the window to be opened to bring in fre...
  • Ceiling Fans

    Ceiling fans can offer occupants the ability to control ambient comfort without making adjustments to the room, zone, or building mechanical system....