Relevant Mandates and Rating Systems
|Mandates / Standards||Rating Systems|
The Guiding Principles for Sustainable Federal Buildings: New Construction and Modernization
- The lighting systems must be commissioned, and integrative design processes should be employed.
- A 30% reduction in energy use compared to ASHRAE Standard 90.1 for new construction necessitates lighting best practices and use of energy efficient lighting products.
- "Maximize opportunities for daylighting in regularly occupied space, except where not appropriate because of building function, mission, or structural constraints."
- "Maximize the use of automatic dimming controls or accessible manual lighting controls, task lighting, and appropriate shade and glare control."
The Guiding Principles for Sustainable Federal Buildings: Existing Buildings
- As mandated in EO 13693, at least 15% of each agency’s existing building facilities and building leases (above 5,000 gsf) must comply with the Guiding Principles for Sustainable Federal Buildings for Existing Buildings by 2025, resulting in the necessity for agencies to upgrade portions of their building stock.
- Assessing existing lighting conditions and incorporating a building management plan to ensure lighting component upgrades are carried out as designed is important.
- Recommission lighting to verify performance; building recommissioning must have been performed within two years prior to reporting a building as meeting the Guiding Principles.
- "Maximize opportunities for daylighting within the existing structure except where not appropriate because of building function, mission, or structural constraints."
- "Maximize the use of automatic dimming controls or accessible manual lighting controls, task lighting where life cycle cost-effective, and appropriate shade and glare control"
Energy Independence and Security Act (2007)
EISA 2007 established energy management goals and requirements, of which a sustainable lighting strategy is necessary, for federal buildings. It established a 30% energy consumption goal per gross square foot of federal space. It also required facility managers to complete preliminary comprehensive energy evaluations coupled with plans for ongoing lighting maintenance and commissioning. EISA also strengthened energy-efficient lighting procurement requirements by specifying Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)-designated products and prohibiting the purchase of incandescent light bulbs in some circumstances.
Executive Order 13693 (2015)
Executive Order 13693 put into place sustainability goals across the Federal Government that could be partially achievable through lighting system upgrades. Specifically, the EO requires federal agencies to reduce energy intensity by 3% each year, as compared to a Fiscal Year (FY) 2015 baseline, to reach at least a 40% overall reduction goal of greenhouse gas emissions by the end the next decade while at the same time fostering innovaction, reducing spending, and strengthening communities. It requires that priority be placed on reducing energy use and cost, then on finding renewable or alternative energy solutions, of which lighting is a key component, by the end of the next decade.
Energy Policy Act of 2005
The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005) established a number of energy management goals for federal facilities involving components of a sustainable lighting system. Each agency is required to incorporate energy efficiency criteria in “all procurements involving energy consuming products and systems.” EPAct 2005 also directs new federal buildings to be designed 30% below the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) or International Energy Code standards.
Energy Policy Act of 1992
The Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct 1992) amended the National Energy Consumption Policy Act and gave federal agencies the authority to enter into energy savings performance controls (ESPCs) and encouraged negotiations with electric utility companies to find incentives for sustainable lighting systems. It also required 20% energy consumption reductions per gross square foot of federal buildings by FY2000.
National Energy Consumption Policy Act (1978)
The National Energy Consumption Policy Act (NECPA) serves as the underlying authority for federal energy management goals and has been regularly updated and amended by subsequent policies such as EPAct 1992, EPAct 2005, and EISA 2007. Energy reduction goals are set and amended as new best practices arise.