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Whole Building Systems

  • HVAC - Human Behavior on HVAC

    Human behavior and interaction with the building space plays a critical component in achieving holistic sustainability. Desired gains in energy effi...

  • HVAC - HVAC Impact on Humans

    Providing high quality thermal and ventilation comfort as part of Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) in commercial offices is a high priority for fe...

  • HVAC - GSA Green Proving Ground - HVAC

    http://www.gsa.gov/portal/category/106783

  • Submetering - Green Globes NC

    Is there sub-metering installed for the following systems: light and lighting controls by floor or by zones, plug loads by floor or by zone, major e...

  • HVAC - The Guiding Principles for Sustainable Federal Buildings: New Construction and Modernization

    HVAC systems must be commissioned, and integrative design principles should be employed. A 30% reduction in energy use compared to ASHRAE Standa...

  • Submetering - ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2013

    Provides the minimum requirements for energy-efficient design of most buildings, except low-rise residential buildings in the United States. Require...

  • Lighting - Sustainable Design Guide – Ch 5. Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing

    https://www1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/publications/pdfs/commercial_initiative/sustainable_guide_ch5.pdf?bcsi_scan_F066E91406BDD76E=0&bcsi_scan_...

  • HVAC - Green Tips and Strategies

    Develop an Operations and Maintenance (O&M) manual to serve as the HVAC-management policy and a central operating reference for building management ...

  • HVAC - Sustainable Design Guide – Ch 5. Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing

    https://www1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/publications/pdfs/commercial_initiative/sustainable_guide_ch5.pdf

  • HVAC - O&M

    An environmental conscious HVAC upgrade can reduce energy usage bills by lowering resource consumption and improving the indoor environment for huma...

  • HVAC - LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance (2009)

    Leadership in Environmental and Energy Design (LEED) for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance addresses HVAC systems through a number of pre...

  • HVAC - LEED for New Construction (2009)

    Leadership in Environmental and Energy Design (LEED) for New Construction addresses HVAC systems through a number of prerequisites and credits. HVAC...

  • HVAC - Green Tips and Strategies

    Get the most out of your building systems. Learn more about commissioning in the O&M Section.

  • HVAC - Green Tips and Strategies

    Analyze room configurations and HVAC distribution layouts to ensure all parts of a room are receiving adequate ventilation, especially spaces where ...

  • IEQ - Mechanical Engineer

    Optimization of the HVAC system is critical in maintaining a healthy and productive indoor environment. The mechanical engineer is responsible for p...

  • HVAC - Water Use

    HVAC components, particularly cooling towers, steam systems, and humidifiers, are responsible for large amounts of water consumption in our building...

  • HVAC - Operations and Maintenance Costs

    Proper maintenance extends the life of your HVAC equipment and saves energy along the way. Panicked, late night service calls for your suddenly br...

  • HVAC - Reporting Mechanism & Maintenance Plan

    Provide an easy to follow and convenient platform for building occupants to report noticeable malfunctions or complaints about the HVAC system to ma...

  • HVAC - Green Globes New Construction (NC)

    Green Globes certification for NC requires careful attention to HVAC systems, thermal comfort, and adequate ventilation. Several questions are asked...

  • IEQ - Ventilation / Filtration

    Ventilation is the process of "changing" or replacing air in any space to remove airborne contaminants such as moisture, odors, emissions from build...

  • Submetering - Impact on Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ)

    Submetering systems help to improve resource efficiency and conservation practices in a building, which can be used to improve indoor environmental ...

  • HVAC - Architect

    The architect has as much or more impact on the HVAC system than any other member of the integrative team. An architect’s decisions - the building ...

  • HVAC - System Overview

    HVAC as a Percentage of Total Building Electricity UseCourtesy: ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning ...

  • HVAC - Integrative Design Process

    The integrative design process understands that buildings, their components, and their context are interrelated. Whole-building systems observe this...

  • IEQ - Thermal Comfort

    Thermal conditions, which include air temperature, relative humidity, and velocity, greatly impact overall occupant comfort and associated productiv...

  • Lighting - Mechanical Engineer

    The mechanical engineer will size the heating and cooling equipment based on both internal heat loads and heat loss through the building envelope. ...

  • Lighting - System Bundling

    When specifying or replacing a particular lighting component, consider coordinating that component with other related building equipment. Lighting t...

  • HVAC - Resources

    The HVAC system has a tremendous impact on natural resources, through electricity, gas, and other purchased energy as well as water consumption, mat...

  • HVAC - Mechanical Engineer

    The mechanical engineer is responsible for sizing the heating and cooling equipment based on both internal heat loads and heat loss through the buil...

  • HVAC - Lighting Engineer

    The lighting engineer ultimately determines the power used by the lighting system. The engineer’s equipment selection also affects how much of this ...

  • HVAC - Occupant

    The occupant has a great impact on HVAC-related energy use. Individual controls help ensure comfort for those in the building. Occupants without t...

  • HVAC - Interior Designer

    The interior designer has an impact on HVAC systems in several ways. Interior partitions and furniture placement affect air flows. Certain space fu...

  • HVAC - Owner

    The owner must be on board with HVAC design and operation choices, as these will have an impact on first costs. Lower operating costs, however, resu...

  • HVAC - Financial

    When employing sustainable HVAC strategies, financial benefits can be realized from several sources, including energy savings from proper controls, ...

  • HVAC - System Bundling

    When specifying or replacing a particular HVAC component, consider bundling that component with other related building equipment and strategies. Bui...

  • HVAC - Energy Independence and Security Act (2007)

    EISA 2007 established energy management goals and requirements, of which a sustainable lighting strategy is necessary, for federal buildings. It est...

  • HVAC - LEED ID+C: Commercial Interiors (v4)

    LEED for Interior Design & Construction: Commercial Interiors is intended for certification of spaces smaller than the whole building. Even thou...

  • HVAC - Green Globes Continual Improvement of Existing Buildings (CIEB)

    Green Globes CIEB encourages the proper maintenance of not only HVAC equipment but also building elements that have an impact on heating and cooling...

  • Water - Mechanical Engineer

    Mechanical engineers should be brought to the integrative process table to give insight as to how to successfully integrate the HVAC components into...

  • IEQ - Thermal Comfort

    Providing thermal comfort controllability can be achieved in a number of ways. Individual controls, such as thermostats, local diffusers, variable v...

  • IEQ - Acoustical Engineer

    Occupant IEQ surveys often report significant dissatisfaction with building acoustical performance. The acoustical engineer is tasked with creating ...

  • IEQ - Commissioning

    Systems can malfunction, drift out of spec, or become obsolete over the life time of the building. It is important to commission and regularly re-co...

  • Planted Roof - Mechanical Engineer

    The Mechanical Engineer conducts energy modeling and optimizes the HVAC system. The Mechanical Engineer’s perspective is important at the plan...

  • Planted Roof - System Bundling

    When installing a planted roof, consider coordinating the installation with other related building equipment. Your building can operate more efficie...

  • HVAC - Refrigerants

    One major environmental impact directly related to HVAC systems is the release of refrigerants into the atmosphere. A pound of these chemicals, part...

  • HVAC - Executive Order 13693 (2015)

    Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade Executive Order (EO) 13693 specifically involves HVAC components in a number of sustain...

  • IEQ - Lighting Engineer

    The lighting engineer, in cooperation with the rest of the integrative team, should ensure as much natural daylight permeates the space as possible....

  • HVAC - Energy Use

    HVAC consumes an average of 30% of a facility’s energy use.1 Much of that use is wasted, at times right through the front door. Other times t...

  • HVAC - Utility Demand Charges

    Your electricity bill tends to have several line items, such as costs for generation, distribution, and taxes. Some of these are related to consump...

  • IEQ - Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS)

    Research has shown that environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), or secondhand smoke, from cigarettes, pipes, and cigars has cancer-causing airborne parti...

  • IEQ - Green Cleaning and Integrated Pest Management

    It is no surprise that regular upkeep is necessary to maintain a high indoor air quality, as dust, dirt, and mold accrue on materials in the space o...

  • IEQ - Views

    Views to the outdoors provide building occupants with not only natural daylight but a visual connection to the environment. This visual connection h...

  • HVAC - Systems Optimization

    There is a good chance your building systems are not operating at their peak efficiency. The reasons for this are many, including but not limited to...

Materials

  • Overhead Air Distribution

    Overhead air distribution is the most common approach to mixing and delivering conditioned air to a space, though the delivery method can vary from ...
  • Under Floor Air Distribution

    Under floor air distribution systems supply conditioned air to an occupied space via diffusers in a raised floor. This system effectively maintains...
  • Thermostat

    A thermostat is a component of the HVAC controls system. Detection and communication of the space temperature is a critical component of overall HV...
  • Perimeter Units

    Known by a number of commons terms such as "induction units," "window units," and "floor units," perimeter HVAC units bring conditioned air out to t...