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Federal Requirements

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Executive Order 13834:
Efficient Federal Operations

EO 13834 was issued on May 17, 2018.

Explore Annotated EO 13834


Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA)
The stated purpose of the act is "to move the United States toward greater energy independence and security, to increase the production of clean renewable fuels, to protect consumers, to increase the efficiency of products, buildings, and vehicles, to promote research on and deploy greenhouse gas capture and storage options, and to improve the energy performance of the Federal Government, and for other purposes." Search for excerpts relevant to Federal buildings at DOE or view full text at GPO.gov.
Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct 1992)
The Energy Policy Act of 1992 established several energy management goals, as well as requirements for water and fleet fuel management. Many of the energy management requirements have been updated in EISA, EPAct 2005 and subsequent Executive Orders, but requirements for low-flow water fixtures and alternative fuel vehicles still apply. View Act on GPO.gov
Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005)
The Energy Policy Act of 2005 established a number of energy management goals for Federal facilities and fleets. Many of the energy management requirements of EPAct have been updated in EISA and subsequent Executive Orders. Search for excerpts relevant to Federal buildings or view full text at DOE.


Executive Orders

Executive Order 13834
E.O. 13834, Efficient Federal Operations, was signed on May 17, 2018. It revised guidance on federal building operations and superseded previous Executive Orders. View Order

Guiding Principles

Several Executive Orders (E.O.) and legislative mandates direct Federal Agencies to achieve specific high performance and sustainable building goals. According to the E.O. 13834 Implementing Instructions, agencies may do so by following six Guiding Principles:

  1. 1. Integrated Design Principles
  2. 2. Optimize Energy Performance
  3. 3. Protect and Conserve Water
  4. 4. Enhance Indoor Environmental Quality
  5. 5. Reduce the Environmental Impact of Materials
  6. 6. Assess and Consider Climate Change Risks

The Guiding Principles were originally established in 2006 in a Memorandum of Understanding signed by Federal agencies at the White House, updated in 2008 based on recommendations of the Interagency Sustainability Working Group, and updated again in 2016. The latest two documents:   Guiding Principles for Sustainable Federal Buildings and Associated Instructions and Determining Compliance with the Guiding Principles for Sustainable Federal Buildings. Note that the exact compliance criteria vary between new construction versus major renovation projects. In addition, leases are no longer included in reporting compliance, though “agencies should strive to incorporate as many of the Guiding Principles as possible in lease actions.”

For additional guidance on meeting the Guiding Principles, search SFTool or see the Whole Building Design Guide (WBDG).


Energy Efficiency Standard for Federal Buildings

10 CFR Part 433 is the energy efficiency standard for federal commercial and multi-family high-rise residential buildings and Part 435 is the standard for low-rise residential buildings. A final rule passed on July 9, 2013 updates the baseline Federal commercial standard to ASHRAE Std 90.1-2010. View Rule

Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR)
The Federal Acquisition Regulation governs how all government agencies are to make procurements. Specifically, Subchapter D Part 23 dictates how the sustainability aspect of those purchases must be made. FAR - Part 23
Federal Energy Management and Planning

10 CFR Part 436 establishes the rules and objectives for Federal energy management and planning programs to promote life cycle cost effective investments in building energy systems, building water systems and energy and water conservation measures for Federal buildings. View Rule

Did You Know?

Buildings represent about 76% of electricity use and 40% of U.S. primary energy use, making it essential to reduce energy consumption to reduce costs to building owners and tenants. Source: U.S. Department of Energy (2015). Quadrennial Technology Review 2015, Chapter 5.

Case Study

Adaptable Workplace Laboratory

This case study provides an in-depth look at using flexible interiors to design for adaptability

View Case Study