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Electric Vehicle Charging Stations

Last Updated: 09/02/19

An electric vehicle charging station, also called EV charging station, electric recharging point, charging point, charge point and EVSE (electric vehicle supply equipment), is an element in an infrastructure that supplies electric energy for the recharging of electric vehicles, such as plug-in electric vehicles, including electric cars, neighborhood electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids.

Product Details
  • Federal agencies are required to purchase products as designated or specified under this program
Procurement Info

Where to Buy

Life Cycle Cost Savings

Life Cycle Costing (LCC) aims to quantify the financial impact of a product over its entire life cycle to assist consumers in making decisions that will save them money over the long term.

According to EPA's ENERGY STAR Program, for every mile driven, it costs on average half as much to drive an electric vehicle compared to a standard gasoline-powered vehicle. Compare the cost of fueling a gasoline vehicle to an EV here. Consumers and businesses can save additional money each time a vehicle is charged by choosing an ENERGY STAR certified EV charger, which on average use 40% less energy than a standard EV charger.

Under the new ENERGY STAR efficiency requirements, savings from ENERGY STAR certified chargers could grow to more than $17 million each year and more than 280 million pounds of annual greenhouse gas emissions could be prevented, equivalent to the emissions from more than 26,000 vehicles.

Guiding Principles
Contributes to meeting The Guiding Principles for High Performance and Sustainable Buildings
Additional Guidance

On December 27, 2016, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finalized its first-ever ENERGY STAR specification for electric vehicle chargers. Electric vehicle charging infrastructure in the home and in the public sphere is increasing rapidly; the ENERGY STAR label will help consumers, utilities, manufacturers and others integral to developing electric vehicle charging infrastructure identify more energy efficient products in this fast-growing industry.

On June 15, 2016, the Office of Federal Sustainability announced the availability of the "Guidance for Federal Agency Implementation of Workplace Charging Pursuant to the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act: Level 1 Charging Receptacles". This guidance applies only to Federal agency buildings not under the jurisdiction, custody, or control of the General Services Administration.

On October 19, 2016, the Office of Federal Sustainability announced the availability of the "Guidance for Federal Agency Implementation of Workplace Charging Pursuant to the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act: Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment"This guidance applies only to Federal agency buildings not under the jurisdiction, custody, or control of the General Services Administration.

Data - When going out to purchase stations, Level 2 stations (208-240V) are capable of capturing charging data, which is a requirement for the Federal Automotive Statistical Tool.

Types of Charging Stations – There are three different levels of charging – Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3.

  • Level 1 charging is the slowest charging option and provides about 5 miles of range for every hour of charging. It utilizes a 110-120 volt wall outlet and takes approximately 7-12 hours to deliver a full charge to an electric vehicle. While there are some Level 1 charging stations commercially available, typically Level 1 charging utilizes the vehicle’s standard charging cord and a standard power outlet.
  • Level 2 charging is the most common form of elective vehicle station equipment and can provide 10-20 miles of range for every hour of charging. It uses a 208-240 volt electrical connection and can typically charge an electric vehicle in 2-5 hours. Level 2 charging stations often come with options for data network accessibility that allows you to track kilowatt hours used, length of charging sessions, etc.  Level 2 stations come in a variety of options, including: 
    • Wall, Pole, or Bollard Mounting 
    • Single or Dual Port (dual ports allow two vehicles to be charged at the same time) 
    • Cellular vs. Ethernet data reporting 
  • Level 3 charging is also commonly referred to as DC Fast Charging and can provide up to 40 miles of range for every 10 minutes of charging. It is the quickest, and most expensive, electrical vehicle charging equipment available on the market. It can fully charge an electric vehicle battery in 30 minutes or less.

Site Planning and Installation - Before making a charging station purchase, it is important for the location to do proper site planning. The agency fleet manager, building manager, charging station vendor, and building leasing company (if applicable) should consult before any equipment is purchased. Installations can cost as much as, or more than, the station equipment depending on where each station is located and the building infrastructure that exists. Installation can be completed by the facilities on site, or through a contracted installer and electrician. The installer will be able to tell you how costly installation may be depending on the location and ensure your station is up to all electrical codes and safety standards. Installation costs rise as the distance to the power source increases. 

Credit Card Acceptance: Charging Station procurement for use by vehicles other than government-owned electric vehicles, such as employee or visitor vehicles, will be required to have a pricing policy of some kind in accordance with Section 1413(c) of the FAST Act.