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Combination Units/Multi-Function Devices

Last Updated: 09/02/19

A Multifunction Device (MFD) is a physically integrated device or a combination of functionally integrated components that produces hard copy duplicates from graphical hard copy originals as well as performing one or both of the following core functions: printing of documents (from digital information received from direct connect computers, networked computers, file servers and fax transmissions) or faxing (send and receive). An MFD may also include scanning to computer file or any other capabilities not listed in this MOU. The device may be connected to a network, and may output black & white, gray scale, or color images.

Product Details
  • Federal agencies are required to purchase products as designated or specified under this program
Procurement Info

Where to Buy

Life Cycle Cost Savings

Life Cycle Costing (LCC) aims to quantify the financial impact of a product over its entire life cycle to assist consumers in making decisions that will save them money over the long term.

For most applications, Energy Star-qualified multifuction imaging devices have the lowest life-cycle cost. For example, FEMP has estimated that a typical federal agency purchasing 100 Energy Star-qualified multifunction devices could save $7,800 in energy costs over the life of the devices, compared to less efficient units. Additionally, EPA has estimated that 100 Energy Star-qualified multifunction devices could avoid between 2,500 and 34,300 pounds of greenhouse gas emissions each year.

An efficient product is cost effective when the energy costs saved over the life of the product exceed the additional upfront cost (if any) of the more efficient model. Energy Star considers both upfront costs and lifetime energy cost savings when setting required efficiency levels. Federal purchasers may assume that Energy Star-qualified products and products meeting FEMP-designated efficiency requirements are life-cycle cost effective. On its Purchasing & Procurement page, Energy Star offers MS-Excel-based calculators to estimate how much money and energy you can save purchasing ENERGY STAR multi-function devices. For EPEAT-registered products, the Green Electronics Council offers a benefits calculator to quantify the environmental and financial benefits compared to standard products.

Guiding Principles
Contributes to meeting The Guiding Principles for High Performance and Sustainable Buildings
Additional Guidance

The 2015 Federal Electronic Asset Take-Back Guidance addresses the inclusion of provisions in contracts or leases for manufacturer or reseller take-back of used electronic assets.

The FAR was amended in June 2014 to add clause 52.223-13 Acquisition of EPEAT®–Registered Imaging Equipment, which requires the delivery or supply of EPEAT®–registered imaging equipment.  Refer to FAR 23.705 for prescribed usage of the clause.

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