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Pest Control

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Design Guidance

Overall Strategies

Pest control is a common issue in areas of food service, storage, and preparation.  To minimize the use of toxic chemicals to control insects and vermin, all food should be stored in gasketed refrigeration units or in air-tight containers.  Trash, recycling, and composting containers should be emptied regularly and stored for collection a distance away from food storage and preparation areas.  Cracks and crevices in walls and flooring should be sealed to prevent pest intrusion.  

When further pest control is required, consider low-impact or contained treatments such as baits and mechanical traps in lieu of spraying chemicals over large surface areas.  

Best Practices

  • Food should not be stored on the floor in bags that can be easily infiltrated by pests. Keep food up on shelving that can be cleaned underneath and inspected easily.
  • Make sure all food is stored in air-tight containers or in refrigeration units.
  • Remove trash, recycling, and compost regularly from food service areas and store the materials away from food prep and storage.
  • Seal cracks in flooring and walls to prevent pests from entering food service areas.

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EB = Existing BuildingsNC = New Construction and Major Renovation

Federal Requirements

Guiding Principles

  • Indoor Air Quality ( <span id="docs-internal-guid-f1e45d2e-bf74-2656-0c1b-777092dd54a0"><span>Guiding Principles [EB, NC]</span></span>)
    Section: IV. Enhance Indoor Environmental Quality

    Guiding Principles for EB & NC: Take actions to ensure optimal indoor air quality, including:
    (i) “Test for radon in buildings and mitigate high levels.”
    (ii) “Establish policy and implement a moisture control strategy to prevent building materials damage, minimize mold growth, and reduce associated health risks.”
    (iii) “Use low emitting materials for building construction, modifications, maintenance, and operations. In particular, specify the following materials and products to have low pollutant emissions: composite wood products, adhesives, sealants, interior paints and finishes, solvents, carpet systems, janitorial supplies, and furnishings.”
    (iv) Establish a policy and implement necessary protocols to protect indoor air quality during construction, renovations, repairs, and alterations, and during occupancy.
    (v) “Prohibit smoking in any form within the building and within 25 feet of all building entrances, operable windows, and building ventilation intakes.”
    (vi) “Use integrated pest management techniques as appropriate to minimize pesticide usage.”
    Determining Compliance: “Develop and implement an indoor air quality policy that considers the following: moisture control, use of low emitting materials and products with low pollutant emissions, necessary protocols to protect indoor air quality during construction and in the finished building, prohibition of smoking in any form inside and within 25 feet of all building entrances, operable windows, and building ventilation intakes, and use of integrated pest management techniques.”