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Cleaning Station

Return to Cafeteria

Design Guidance

Overall Strategies

Dish-wash and pot-wash stations are required in food service facilities for the cleansing and sterilization of service and cooking items. Stations can be completely self-contained (similar to a residential dishwasher) for small facilities or can be composed of multiple pieces of equipment in larger facilities. These items use large amounts of energy to heat hot water and drying elements as mandated by health codes.

Dish Washing Products

Soaps and other cleansing agents are required for washing and sanitizing food service items. Select products that are plant-based and biodegradable to minimize chemicals in waste water and unnatural residues on food surfaces.

Dish Washing Station

Dish washing stations consist of multiple-compartment sinks or basins with faucets and pre-wash sprayers as well as high-temperature washing and drying chambers. These combinations of equipment use large amounts of energy and should only be run in when full to maximize efficiency. When available, components should be selected that carry the Energy Star and Water Sense labels. For pre-wash sink basins, consider manually-serviced food traps that can be emptied into compost receptacles in lieu of garbage disposals.

Food Washing Station

Food preparation stations usually require access to clean water. Select faucets that carry a Water Sense label for water efficiency. Aerators can be added to faucet nozzles to slow the lessen the flow of water. Consider a food trap that can be manually emptied into a compost bin in lieu of garbage disposals.

Handwashing Sink

Small hand-washing sinks are required for cafeteria staff and in food preparation areas. Select faucets or sinks that carry a WaterSense label for water efficiency. Faucets can be sensor-controlled to minimize the possibility of water running without being used.

Best Practices

  • Use hands free sinks to decrease germ transfer and to prevent continuous faucet operation.
  • Conserve water by using WaterSense labeled faucets.
  • Consider bio-based soaps and cleansers that are biodegradable.
  • As a best practice, do not include garbage disposals in sinks or dishwashing stations.
  • Post signage to ensure dishwashers only run when completely filled.

Compare Cleaning Station Options

EB = Existing BuildingsNC = New Construction and Major Renovation

Federal Requirements

Guiding Principles

  • Biobased Content ( Guiding Principles [EB, NC])
    Section: V. Reduce Environmental Impact of Materials

    Per Section 9002 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act (FSRIA), for USDA-designated products, specify products with the highest content level per USDA's biobased content recommendations. For other products, specify biobased products made from rapidly renewable resources and certified sustainable wood products. If these designated products meet performance requirements and are available at a reasonable cost, a preference for purchasing them shall be included in all solicitations relevant to construction, operation, maintenance of or use in the building. USDA's biobased product designations and biobased content recommendations are available on USDA's BioPreferred website.

  • Energy Efficiency ( Guiding Principles [NC])
    Section: II. Optimize Energy Performance

    From the Guiding Principles for NC: “Employ strategies that minimize energy usage. Focus on reducing energy loads before considering renewable or clean and alternative energy sources. Use energy efficient products as required by statute.”
    Determining Compliance: “For new construction, ensure energy efficiency is 30% better than the current ASHRAE 90.1 standard. For modernization, ensure: (1) energy use is 20% below the fiscal year (FY) 2015 energy use Baseline, (2) energy use is 30% below the FY 2003 energy use baseline, (3) the building has an ENERGY STAR® rating of 75 or higher, or (4) for building types not in ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager, where adequate benchmarking data exists, the building is in the top quartile of energy performance for its building type. For new construction and modernization, use energy efficient products, as required by statute.”

  • Energy Efficiency ( Guiding Principles [EB])
    Section: II. Optimize Energy Performance

    From the Guiding Principles for EB: “Employ strategies that minimize energy usage. Focus on reducing energy loads before considering renewable or clean and alternative energy sources. Use energy efficient products as required by statute.”
    Determining Compliance: “Ensure: (1) the building has an ENERGY STAR rating of 75 or higher, (2) energy use is 20% below the FY 2015 energy use baseline, (3) energy use is 30% below the FY 2003 energy use baseline, or (4) energy efficiency is 30% better than the current ASHRAE 90.1 standard. Use energy efficient products, as required by statute.”

  • Water-Efficient Products ( Guiding Principles [EB, NC])
    Section: III. Protect and Conserve Water

    Specify EPA's WaterSense-labeled products or other water conserving products, where available. Choose irrigation contractors who are certified through a WaterSense labeled program. http://www.epa.gov/WaterSense /http://www.epa.gov/WaterSense/products/

  • Indoor Water Use ( Guiding Principles [EB])
    Section: <span>III. Protect and Conserve Water</span>

    Guiding Principles for EB: “Employ strategies that measure and minimize water usage, including:
    (i) Conduct an analysis and take action to monitor facility water use and identify and implement conservation opportunities.
    (ii) Purchase water conserving products, including WaterSense and FEMP-designated products, as required by statute.
    (iii) Install building level water meters to allow for the management of water use during occupancy, including detection of leaks.
    (iv) Optimize cooling tower operations.
    (v) Eliminate single pass cooling.”
    Determining Compliance: “Install building level water meters, reduce water use 20% below FY 2007 baseline, and use water efficient products, or install building level meters, conduct an analysis of water use, identify and repair leaks, eliminate single pass cooling, optimize cooling tower operations, and use water efficient products.”

    DOE’s Developing a Water Management Plan
    Federal Agency Implementation of Water Efficiency and Management Provisions of EO 13514

  • Indoor Water Use ( <span id="docs-internal-guid-f1e45d2e-bf65-7c2e-40d0-a289e4bd60e8"><span>Guiding Principles&nbsp;[NC]</span></span>)
    Section: <span id="docs-internal-guid-f1e45d2e-bf65-9c20-ef98-4a19229b4c15"><span>III. Protect and Conserve Water</span></span>

    Guiding Principles for NC: “Employ strategies that minimize water use and waste, including:
    (i) Purchase water conserving products, including WaterSense and FEMP-designated products, as required by statute.
    (ii) Install building level water meters to allow for the management of water use during occupancy, including detection of leaks.
    (iii) Optimize cooling tower operations.
    (iv) Eliminate single pass cooling.”
    Determining Compliance: “Install building level water meters, reduce water use 20% below FY 2007 baseline, and use water efficient products, or install building level meters, conduct an analysis of water use, identify and repair leaks, eliminate single pass cooling, optimize cooling tower operations, and use water efficient products.”

    WaterSense
    Federal Agency Implementation of Water Efficiency and Management Provisions of EO 13514

  • Material Content and Performance ( Guiding Principles&nbsp;[EB])
    Section: V. Reduce the Environmental Impact of Materials

    From the Guiding Principles for EB: Procure construction materials, products, and supplies that have a “lesser or reduced effect on human health and the environment over their life cycle when compared with competing products or services that serve the same purpose”, including:
    (i) “Use Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) section 6002 compliant products that meet or exceed EPA’s recycled content recommendations for building construction, modifications, operations, and maintenance.”
    (ii) “Per section 9002 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act (FSRIA), for USDA-designated products, use products with the highest content level per USDA’s biobased content recommendations.”
    (iii) “Purchase products that meet Federally Recommended Specifications, Standards and Ecolabels or are on the Federal Green Procurement Compilation.”
    (iv) Eliminate, to the maximum extent practicable, “ozone depleting compounds and high global warming potential (GWP) chemicals where EPA’s SNAP has identified acceptable substitutes or where other environmentally preferable products are available” during construction, repair, or replacement at the end of life.
    Determining Compliance: “Procure products that meet the following requirements where applicable: (A) RCRA section 6002, and (B) FSRIA section 9002, and (C) Federally Recommended Specifications, Standards and Ecolabels or are on the Federal Green Procurement Compilation for other green products, as appropriate, and (D) Avoid ozone depleting compounds and high GWP chemicals.”