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Whole Building Systems

  • HVAC - Human Behavior on HVAC

    Human behavior and interaction with the building space plays a critical component in achieving holistic sustainability. Desired gains in energy effi...

  • HVAC - HVAC Impact on Humans

    Providing high quality thermal and ventilation comfort as part of Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) in commercial offices is a high priority for fe...

  • HVAC - GSA's Proving Ground - HVAC

    http://www.gsa.gov/portal/category/106783

  • Submetering - Green Globes NC

    Is there sub-metering installed for the following systems: light and lighting controls by floor or by zones, plug loads by floor or by zone, major e...

  • HVAC - Guiding Principles for Sustainable Federal Buildings: New Construction and Modernization

    HVAC systems must be commissioned, and integrative design principles should be employed. A 30% reduction in energy use compared to ASHRAE Standa...

  • Submetering - ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2013

    Provides the minimum requirements for energy-efficient design of most buildings, except low-rise residential buildings in the United States. Require...

  • Lighting - DOE | Sustainable Design Guide – Ch 5. Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing

    https://www1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/publications/pdfs/commercial_initiative/sustainable_guide_ch5.pdf?bcsi_scan_F066E91406BDD76E=0&bcsi_scan_...

  • HVAC - Green Tips and Strategies

    Develop an Operations and Maintenance (O&M) manual to serve as the HVAC-management policy and a central operating reference for building management ...

  • HVAC - DOE | Sustainable Design Guide – Ch 5. Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing

    https://www1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/publications/pdfs/commercial_initiative/sustainable_guide_ch5.pdf

  • HVAC - O&M

    An environmental conscious HVAC upgrade can reduce energy usage bills by lowering resource consumption and improving the indoor environment for huma...

  • HVAC - LEED O+M: Existing Buildings (v4)

    Leadership in Environmental and Energy Design (LEED) for Building Operations and Maintenance (O+M) addresses HVAC systems through a number of prereq...

  • HVAC - LEED BD+C: New Construction (v4)

    Leadership in Environmental and Energy Design (LEED) for Building Design and Construction (BD+C) addresses HVAC systems through a number of prerequi...

  • HVAC - Green Tips and Strategies

    Get the most out of your building systems. Learn more about commissioning in the O&M Section.

  • HVAC - Green Tips and Strategies

    Analyze room configurations and HVAC distribution layouts to ensure all parts of a room are receiving adequate ventilation, especially spaces where ...

  • IEQ - Ventilation / Filtration

    Ventilation is the process of "changing" or replacing air in any space to remove airborne contaminants such as moisture, odors, emissions from build...

  • IEQ - Mechanical Engineer

    Optimization of the HVAC system is critical in maintaining a healthy and productive indoor environment. The mechanical engineer is responsible for p...

  • HVAC - Water Use

    HVAC components, particularly cooling towers, steam systems, and humidifiers, are responsible for large amounts of water consumption in our building...

  • HVAC - Operations and Maintenance Costs

    Proper maintenance extends the life of your HVAC equipment and saves energy along the way. Panicked, late night service calls for your suddenly br...

  • HVAC - Reporting Mechanism & Maintenance Plan

    Provide an easy to follow and convenient platform for building occupants to report noticeable malfunctions or complaints about the HVAC system to ma...

  • HVAC - Green Globes New Construction (NC)

    Green Globes certification for NC requires careful attention to HVAC systems, thermal comfort, and adequate ventilation. Several questions are asked...

  • IEQ - Thermal Comfort

    Thermal conditions, which include air temperature, relative humidity, and velocity, greatly impact overall occupant comfort and associated productiv...

  • Submetering - Impact on Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ)

    Submetering systems help to improve resource efficiency and conservation practices in a building, which can be used to improve indoor environmental ...

  • HVAC - System Overview

    Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems are responsible for providing thermal comfort and fresh air to building occupants. This is...

  • HVAC - Architect

    The architect has as much or more impact on the HVAC system than any other member of the integrative team. An architect’s decisions - the building ...

  • HVAC - Integrative Design Process

    The integrative design process understands that buildings, their components, and their context are interrelated. Whole-building systems observe this...

  • Lighting - Mechanical Engineer

    The mechanical engineer will size the heating and cooling equipment based on both internal heat loads and heat loss through the building envelope. ...

  • Lighting - System Bundling

    When specifying or replacing a particular lighting component, consider coordinating that component with other related building equipment. Lighting t...

  • HVAC - Resources

    The HVAC system has a tremendous impact on natural resources, through electricity, gas, and other purchased energy as well as water consumption, mat...

  • HVAC - Mechanical Engineer

    The mechanical engineer is responsible for sizing the heating and cooling equipment based on both internal heat loads and heat loss through the buil...

  • HVAC - Lighting Engineer

    The lighting engineer ultimately determines the power used by the lighting system. The engineer’s equipment selection also affects how much of this ...

  • HVAC - Occupant

    The occupant has a great impact on HVAC-related energy use. Individual controls help ensure comfort for those in the building. Occupants without t...

  • HVAC - Interior Designer

    The interior designer has an impact on HVAC systems in several ways. Interior partitions and furniture placement affect air flows. Certain space fu...

  • HVAC - Owner

    The owner must be on board with HVAC design and operation choices, as these will have an impact on first costs. Lower operating costs, however, resu...

  • HVAC - System Bundling

    When specifying or replacing a particular HVAC component, consider bundling that component with other related building equipment and strategies. Bui...

  • HVAC - LEED ID+C: Commercial Interiors (v4)

    LEED for Interior Design & Construction (ID+C): Commercial Interiors is intended for certification of spaces smaller than the whole building. Ev...

  • HVAC - Green Globes for Existing Buildings

    Green Globes for Existing Buildings encourages the proper maintenance of not only HVAC equipment but also building elements that have an impact on h...

  • Water - Mechanical Engineer

    Mechanical engineers should be brought to the integrative process table to give insight as to how to successfully integrate the HVAC components into...

  • IEQ - Thermal Comfort

    Providing thermal comfort controllability can be achieved in a number of ways. Individual controls, such as thermostats, local diffusers, variable v...

  • IEQ - Acoustical Engineer

    Occupant IEQ surveys often report significant dissatisfaction with building acoustical performance. The acoustical engineer is tasked with creating ...

  • IEQ - Commissioning

    Systems can malfunction, drift out of spec, or become obsolete over the life time of the building. It is important to commission and regularly re-co...

  • Planted Roof - Mechanical Engineer

    The Mechanical Engineer conducts energy modeling and optimizes the HVAC system. The Mechanical Engineer’s perspective is important at the plan...

  • HVAC - Refrigerants

    One major environmental impact directly related to HVAC systems is the release of refrigerants into the atmosphere. A pound of these chemicals, part...

  • HVAC - Financial

    When employing sustainable HVAC strategies, financial benefits can be realized from several sources, including energy savings from proper controls, ...

  • HVAC - Energy Independence and Security Act (2007)

    EISA 2007 established energy management goals and requirements, of which a sustainable lighting strategy is necessary, for federal buildings. It est...

  • IEQ - Green Cleaning and Integrated Pest Management

    It is no surprise that regular upkeep is necessary to maintain a high indoor air quality, as dust, dirt, and mold accrue on materials in the space o...

  • IEQ - Lighting Engineer

    The lighting engineer, in cooperation with the rest of the integrative team, should ensure as much natural daylight permeates the space as possible....

  • HVAC - Energy Use

    HVAC consumes an average of 30% of a facility’s energy use.1 Much of that use is wasted, at times right through the front door. Other times t...

  • HVAC - Utility Demand Charges

    Your electricity bill tends to have several line items, such as costs for generation, distribution, and taxes. Some of these are related to consump...

  • HVAC - Executive Order 13834

    Executive Order (EO) 13834, "Efficient Federal Operations", directed Federal agencies to pursue "reductions in building energy use and implement ene...

  • IEQ - Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS)

    Research has shown that environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), or secondhand smoke, from cigarettes, pipes, and cigars has cancer-causing airborne parti...

  • IEQ - Views

    Views to the outdoors provide building occupants with not only natural daylight but a visual connection to the environment. This visual connection h...

  • HVAC - Systems Optimization

    There is a good chance your building systems are not operating at their peak efficiency. The reasons for this are many, including but not limited to...

Materials

  • Overhead Air Distribution

    Overhead air distribution is the most common approach to mixing and delivering conditioned air to a space, though the delivery method can vary from ...
  • Under Floor Air Distribution

    Under floor air distribution systems supply conditioned air to an occupied space via diffusers in a raised floor. This system effectively maintains...
  • Thermostat

    A thermostat is a component of the HVAC controls system. Detection and communication of the space temperature is a critical component of overall HV...
  • Perimeter Units

    Known by a number of commons terms such as "induction units," "window units," and "floor units," perimeter HVAC units bring conditioned air out to t...